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July 1, 2023 - 4PM CET

Genoa In-Port race starts in

Ulysse Nardin
11th Hour Racing Team


Frequently Asked Questions

Team terms


The Team’s second-hand training boat. An IMOCA 60.


The Team’s race boat, being designed in Brittany, France. To be launched in 2021.


11th Hour Racing Team Young professional mentorship program.

#OceanHour Network

An advisory network of scientists, influencers, communicators and experts formed to accelerate positive change for climate, social justice and ocean health.

#OceanHour Sessions

Internal 11th Hour Racing Team and partner educational sessions.

1 Degree

Co-founded by America’s leading offshore sailors Charlie Enright and Mark Towill, 1 Degree is dedicated to winning the world’s premier around-the-world sailing race – The Ocean Race 2022-23 – while using the Team as a platform to promote the message of sustainable solutions and ocean health to millions of fans, sailors, and audiences worldwide.


11th Hour Racing

11th Hour Racing establishes strategic partnerships within the sailing and maritime communities to promote collaborative, systemic change benefitting the health of our ocean – one degree at a time.

Since 2010, 11th Hour Racing has been harnessing the power of sport with an innovative and comprehensive approach through three primary areas of engagement: sponsorships, grantees, and ambassadors.


11th Hour Racing Team

Team with sights are set on the next edition of The Ocean Race 2022-23 with Charlie Enright and Mark Towill, Co-Founders of 1 Degree. Using the sport of sailing as a global platform to inspire positive action among sailing and coastal communities and sports fans around the world to create long-lasting change for ocean health.


Anthesis Group

Anthesis delivers sustainable performance. Established in 2013, Anthesis Group has grown to more than 500 experts, through organic growth and strategic acquisitions.



Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership.



International Monohull Open Class Association.



Class of monohull administered by the International Monohull Open Class Association (IMOCA).

La Vague / The Wave

La Vague applies its collective problem solving skills and creativity to industry challenges by providing a platform for hosting workshops, finding – and sharing – solutions and creating a network of committed actors.


Legacy Grant Program

11th Hour Racing’s grant program, funded by The Schmidt Family Foundation, is committed to advancing innovative projects that improve the health of oceans and address the dynamic environmental challenges facing the sailing and marine communities. The Legacy Grant Progam works with projects that align with 11th Hour Racing’s programmatic strategy to advance one or more of these focus areas:

Ocean literacy & stewardship – increase the understanding and appreciation of the importance of healthy oceans and waterways to communities through experiential learning, citizen science, and powerful story-telling
Clean Technologies & Best Practices – advance practices and technologies in coastal communities and the marine industry that reduce waste, prevent plastic pollution, improve water quality, and assess new circular solutions
Ecosystem Restoration – improve water quality, bolster coastal resilience, and sequester carbon through coastal habitat restoration.



Rigid Inflatable boat.


We view sustainability as the intrinsic balance between the social, economic and environmental aspects of our everyday actions, which respects the world’s oceans, natural resources and the needs of current and future generations.

We believe that sustainability requires an intergenerational empathy: our collective actions today will ensure healthy communities, prosperous economies and a thriving planet for future generations.

The Training HUB

Internal 11th Hour Racing Team training platform.

TOR or The Ocean Race

The Ocean Race is often described as the longest and toughest professional sporting event in the world, sailing’s toughest team challenge and one of the sport’s Big Three events, alongside the Olympic Games and America’s Cup.

Two classes will compete in the 2022-23 edition of the race with the addition of the high-tech, foiling IMOCA 60 class adding a design and technical element. The one-design VO65 fleet will race on its third lap of the planet in 2021, with an emphasis on competition, youth and crew diversity.


Transat Jaques Vabre

A double handed race started in 1993 from the town of Le Havre, France to Salvador de Bahia, Brazil.


World Sailing

World Sailing is the world governing body for the sport of sailing, officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).


Vendee Globe

The Vendée Globe is the only sailing race round the world, solo, non-stop and without assistance. The race departs from Les-Sable-d’Olonne, France. Raced every four years, the next edition will be November 2020.


VOR or Volvo Ocean Race

Volvo Ocean Race. Previous name of The Ocean Race.




ADEME is active in the implementation of public policy in the areas of the environment, energy and sustainable development. ADEME provides expertise and advisory services to businesses, local authorities and communities, government bodies and the public at large, to enable them to establish and consolidate their environmental action. As part of this work the agency helps finance projects, from research to implementation, in its areas of action.


Carnegie Mellon Input Output Model

The EIO-LCA model as developed at Carnegie Mellon University has become a widely used tool in helping organizations and individuals better understand the life cycle and supply chain impacts of production and consumption. EIO-LCA links economic data on supply chain purchases with information on energy and other environmental factors to estimate implications of production from various industry sectors.


DEFRA Conversion Factors

The UK government conversion factors for greenhouse gas reporting are for use by UK and international organisations to report on greenhouse gas emissions.


GHG Protocol

The GHG Protocol provides accounting and reporting standards, sector guidance, calculation tools, and training for business and government. It establishes a comprehensive, global, standardised framework for measuring and managing emissions from private and public sector operations, value chains, products, cities, and policies.
Good practice in measuring one’s carbon footprint is to follow GHG Protocol guidance.


GRI Reporting Standards

GRI is an independent international organization that has pioneered sustainability reporting since 1997.


IOC Essentials

International Olympic Committee. Whether your organisation is just starting out, or is already actively engaged in sustainability, the “Sustainability Essentials” guidelines will provide valuable information in an easy to follow manner to help you and your teams navigate the complexities of this subject and develop effective sustainability programmes.



Environmental Management Systems



Life Cycle Assessment



Life Cycle Assessment



Environmental Communications



Sustainable Event Management Systems –
Created as a result of the London 2012 Olympics, ISO20121 is an event sustainability management system framework, that has also been used by organizations across all their operations.



Social responsibility



Quality Management Systems



This purpose-built marine industry tool that provides a cradle to grave assessment of the materials and processes involved in yacht construction. You will be able to understand the full environmental footprint of your product across all stages of its life cycle. With data collected by marine industry experts, from a diverse mix both geographically and sector wide range of businesses in performance, production, rigging, sails, deck hardware. This tool measures 6 different environmental markers to provide an environmental footprint of your product.



Carbon neutrality


UN Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including those related to poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice. The 17 Goals are all interconnected, and in order to leave no one behind, it is important that we achieve them all by 2030. Click on any specific Goal below to learn more about each issue.


UN Global Compact

At the UN Global Compact, we aim to mobilize a global movement of sustainable companies and stakeholders to create the world we want. That’s our vision. To make this happen, the UN Global Compact supports companies to: Do business responsibly by aligning their strategies and operations with Ten Principles on human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption; and Take strategic actions to advance broader societal goals, such as the UN Sustainable Development Goals, with an emphasis on collaboration and innovation.Take strategic actions to advance broader societal goals, such as the UN Sustainable Development Goals, with an emphasis on collaboration and innovation.


UN Global Compact - Tools

Corporate SDG Reporting Best Practices.


UN Global Compact - Tools

Check out our full list of corporate SDG reporting case studies for ideas on how your organization can better measure and disclose your contribution to and impact on the SDGs.



For General Terms reference download the IOC Sustainability Essentials PDF


Usability of a product, service, environment or facility by people with the widest range of capabilities Note 1 to entry: This definition is related to the fundamental principle of universal accessibility in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities[13], which outlines the requirements to be fulfilled by environments, processes, goods, products and services, objects, instruments, tools and devices in order to be understandable, usable and viable for a” people in safe and comfortable conditions, and as independently and naturally as possible.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use. Page 3


All the undertakings of the business.

Alternative materials

Materials that have a lower embodied carbon than those used during business as usual.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition


Systematic, independent and documented process for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating it objectively to determine the extent to which the audit criteria are fulfilled.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use, Page 6


Capable of being broken down especially into innocuous products by the action of living things (such as microorganisms).

Source: Merriam Webster


Valuing and protecting the variety of life in all its forms, protecting and restoring ecosystem services
preservation and using land and natural resources sustainably in connection with venue locations, catering (e.g. endangered species), and use of materials, etc.

Source: ISO20121:2012(E) Page 24


Energy …that is derived from biological sources (such as plant matter or animal waste).

Source: Merriam Webster


When we imitate nature to solve complex problems through innovation and design. It can lead to more efficient and environmentally-friendly designs and processes, as in nature, there is neither waste that it cannot recycle, nor pollution that it does not know how to regulate.

Source: Station de la Marine, Concarneau

Blue carbon

Seagrasses occupy 0.1% of the seafloor, yet are responsible for 11% of the organic carbon buried in the ocean. Seagrass meadows, mangroves, and coastal wetlands capture carbon at a rate two to four times greater than tropical forests.

Source: The Ocean Foundation

Blue water footprint

Sourced from surface and groundwater.


Description of where the impacts occur for a material topic, and the organization’s involvement with those impacts.

Carbon Dioxide equivalent (CO2e)

A measure used to compare the emissions from various types of greenhouse gas (GHG) based on their global
warming potential (GWP).
The CO2 equivalent for a gas is determined by multiplying the metric tons of the gas by the associated GWP, and is expressed in tC02e.
Example: 20 tCO2e can be used to describe the emissions of 20 tonnes of carbon or 1 tonne of methane.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 5

Carbon emissions

The burning of fossil fuels such as gas, coal or oil, causes carbon dioxide (CO2 ) to be released (emitted) into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas (GHG), as it traps heat in the atmosphere. Typical sources of such carbon emissions come from energy production to provide power, heating and cooling; using fuel in vehicles and machinery, and in the process of creating food, products and services for our consumption.

Source: IOC Essentials – Issue 2

Carbon footprint

This is a quantitative measure of the amount of carbon emissions attributable to a given organisation, activity (e.g. a sport event) or product. Carbon footprints can be measured at widely different scales, such as for an individual (e.g. one’s personal annual carbon footprint lies typically in the range 1-20 tonnes CO2 eq) all the way to a whole city, region or country, which typically range in the millions of tonnes of CO2 eq.
The term carbon footprint is common currency but strictly speaking it is a measure of a basket of GHG emissions expressed in tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2 eq). Therefore, a more accurate (but less widely understood) term would be “GHG inventory”.

Source: IOC Essentials – Issue 2

Carbon neutral

Being carbon neutral is a ‘condition in which during a specified period there has been no net increase in the global emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere as a result of the greenhouse gas emissions associated with the subject during the same time period.

Source: Carbon Trust & PAS 2060

Carbon offsetting

Another way to reduce emissions and to pursue carbon neutrality is to offset emissions made in one sector by reducing them somewhere else. This can be done through investment in renewable energy, energy efficiency or other clean, low-carbon technologies. The EU’s emissions trading system (ETS) is an example of a carbon offsetting system.
11th Hour Racing team considers that offsetting suggests a certified process as opposed Footprint compensation which would be a non-certified process.


Climate positive

Climate positive broadly means that an activity goes beyond achieving net zero carbon emissions to actually create an environmental benefit by removing additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

A common definition being developed is that a Climate Positive organisation is one for which carbon neutrality is achieved in accordance with the definition in ISO 14021:2017 or PAS 2060 with additional offsetting of at least 10% of the full carbon footprint. (CLIPOP).

We believe ‘doing less bad is no good’ and want to ensure that our campaign has a net positive impact. Therefore we have reviewed our targets and would like to propose a review of our 3 key footprint indicators.

Source: CLIPOP

Carbon sequestration

Removing carbon oxide from the atmosphere and then storing it is known as carbon sequestration. In order to achieve net zero emissions, all worldwide greenhouse gas emissions will have to be counterbalanced by carbon sequestration.


Circular economy

Looking beyond the current take-make-waste extractive industrial model, a circular economy aims to redefine growth, focusing on positive society-wide benefits. It entails gradually decoupling economic activity from the consumption of finite resources, and designing waste out of the system. Underpinned by a transition to renewable energy sources, the circular model builds economic, natural, and social capital. It is based on three principles:

Design out waste and pollution
Keep products and materials in use
Regenerate natural systems

Source: Ellen Macarthur Foundation

Climate action

2019 was the second warmest year on record and the end of the warmest decade (2010- 2019) ever recorded.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) levels and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere rose to new records in 2019.

Climate change is affecting every country on every continent. It is disrupting national economies and affecting lives. Weather patterns are changing, sea levels are rising, and weather events are becoming more extreme.

Source: UN Sustainable Development Goals

Climate change

Climate change refers to a large-scale, long-term shift in the planet’s weather patterns and average temperatures.

Source: Met Office


Aerobic Microbial (bacteria and fungi) breakdown of organic matter in the presence of oxygen to produce soil with high organic (humus) content.
Note: Certain products are only compostable in industrial composting units. See Industrial composting.


Fulfillment of a requirement.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use, Page 7

Continual improvement

Recurring activity to enhance performance.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use, Page 7

Corrective action

Action to eliminate the cause of a nonconformity and to prevent recurrence.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use, Page 7

Digital footprint

The impacts associated with the team’s in office and online digital services: Computer and smart phone use; SMS text and conference calls; Data storage and transfer; Cloud computing and Super computer use.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

Direct emissions

Emissions resulting from fuel combustion in owned machines, devices and vehicles (Referred to as ‘Scope 1’ in the GHG Protocol).

Source: IOC Essentials – Issue 2


To recycle (something) in such a way that the resulting product is of a lower value than the original item : to create an object of lesser value from (a discarded object of higher value).

Source: Merriam Webster

Downstream (Activities)

Emissions that occur in the life cycle of a material/product after the sale by the producer. This includes distribution and storage, use of the product and end-of-life.

Embodied Carbon

Embodied carbon is the amount of carbon emissions (expressed as CO2 e or CO2 eq) emitted through the processes of extraction, refining, production, transporting and fabrication of a material or product. The concept is particularly used in the construction industry.

Source: IOC Essentials – Issue 2

Emission factor

The use of emission (or conversion) factors allows organisations and individuals to calculate carbon emissions from a range of activities, including energy use, water consumption, and transport activities. For instance, a conversion factor can be used to calculate the amount of carbon emitted as a result of burning a particular quantity of oil in a heating boiler. Emission factors can be found in various national databases and bespoke databases developed by technical specialists. A list of databases is available on the GHG Protocol website.

Source: IOC Essentials – Issue 2

Embedded water (emH20)

Water footprint associated with an organizations activities including the procurement of products and/or services.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

GHG Emissions

Gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation.

Green House Gases include: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sculpture hexafluoride (SF6).

GHG emissions are typically expressed in the tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent (C02e).

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 10

End of life (EOL)

The stage at which a product is disposed of or is no longer fit for purpose.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

Global Warming Potential (GWP)

Value describing the radiative forcing impact of one unit of a given GHG relative to one unit of CO2 over a given period of time.
Note: GWP values convert GHG emissions data for non-CO2 gases into units of CO2 equivalent.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 10


General statements of desired outcomes. e.g. Be a leader in sustainability in the marine industry.

Green water footprint

Precipitation stored in soils and plant systems.

Grey water footprint

Used to assimilate pollutants and waste water back to specific water standards.


The impact associated with your organization’s activities.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

Footprint compensation

Reducing the impacts in one sector by reducing them somewhere else – The 11th Hour racing team defines compensation as a non-certified process as opposed to the offsetting which suggests a certified process.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

How to guides

A series of sustainability program how to guides that make up part of the TOOLBOX.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition


In the GRI Standards, unless otherwise stated, ‘impact’ refers to the effect an organization has on the economy, the environment, and/or society, which in turn can indicate its contribution (positive or negative) to sustainable development.

Positive or negative change to society, economy or the environment, wholly or partially resulting from past and present decisions and activities.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 12. ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use, Page 7


Practice of fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all interested parties (3.16) Note 1 to entry: Inclusivity refers to all interested parties, regardless of race, age, gender, colour, religion, sexual orientation, culture, national origin, income, disability (mental, intellectual, sensorial and physical) or any other form of discrimination.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use. Page 4

Indirect emissions

Emissions resulting from purchasing energy, in particular electricity, steam, heat or cooling (Referred to as ‘Scope 2’ in the GHG Protocol). Indirect emissions also come from activities such as travel and from the provision of goods and services that your organisation has procured (Referred to as ‘Scope 3’ in the GHG Protocol).

Source: IOC Essentials – Issue 2

Industrial composting

Municipal or industrial composting is a professionally managed and controlled, aerobic thermophilic waste treatment process covered by international standards and certification schemes, which results in compost, a valuable soil improver.

Source: Ellen Macarthur Foundation – New plastics economy

Interested party

Stakeholder person or organization (3.1) that can affect, be affected by, or perceive themselves to be affected by a decision or activity Note 1 to entry: This can be an individual or group that has an interest in any decision or activity of an organization.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use. Page 4


Sustainability related topics that could occur as a result of the organizations activities.

Issues register

A list of sustainability-related issues put together as a result of mapping out the organizations activities.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

Key Performance Indicator (KPI)

A reference point against which progress towards a target is measured.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition


A system of trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
Landfill is responsible for significant emissions of methane a potent greenhouse gas.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

Local community

Persons or groups of persons living and/or working in any areas that are economically, socially or
environmentally impacted (positively or negatively) by an organization’s operations.
Note: The local community can range from persons living adjacent to an organization’s operations, to those
living at a distance who are still likely to be impacted by these operations.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 13

Management System

A management system standard challenges an organization to improve its process and thinking to lead to continual performance improvement and allows the organization the flexibility to be more creative about the delivery of event-related activities without detracting from the aim of the event. A management system standard is not a checklist or a reporting framework or a method of evaluating event sustainability performance.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use

Marine debris

Marine debris is defined as any persistent solid material that is manufactured or processed and directly or indirectly, intentionally or unintentionally, disposed of or abandoned into the marine environment. Marine debris injures and kills marine life, interferes with navigation safety, and poses a threat to human health. Our oceans and waterways are polluted with a wide variety of marine debris ranging from soda cans and plastic bags to derelict fishing gear and abandoned vessels.

Source: NOAA

Material topic

Topic that reflects a reporting organization’s significant economic, environmental and social impacts; or that substantively influences the assessments and decisions of stakeholders.
Note 1: For more information on identifying a material topic, see the Reporting Principles for defining report content in GRI 101: Foundation.
Note 2: To prepare a report in accordance with the GRI Standards, an organization is required to report on its material topics.
Note 3: Material topics can include, but are not limited to, the topics covered by the GRI Standards in the 200, 300, and 400 series.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 13


Materiality is the threshold at which sustainability topics become sufficiently important that they should be reported.

Source: GRI

Materiality assessment

The term materiality comes from the financial world. Conducting a materiality assessment is an exercise in stakeholder engagement designed to gather insight on the relative importance of specific environmental, social and governance issues. This helps companies determine where to focus their energy and resources, and which activities matter most from a sustainability perspective.

Source: IOC Sustainability Essentials, page 65


Waste plastics that have broken down to pieces smaller than 5mm in size.

Source: Merriam Webster


The mission should describe how your organization will go about achieving your vision.

Natural capital

Natural capital is the world’s stock of natural resources, which includes geology, soils, air, water and all living organisms.

Net positive

Net positive describes the intention of the 11th Hour Racing team to affect regenerative change across the team’s sectors of operation and influence – Simply described as leaving an area better for our presence rather than less bad or neutral impact.

Source: 11th Hour Racing team definition

Non renewable energy source

Energy source that cannot be replenished, reproduced, grown or generated in a short time period through ecological cycles or agricultural processes.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 13

Non renewable material

Resource that does not renew in a short time period.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 13


Non-fulfillment of a requirement.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use, Page 7


Small round pieces of plastic used as raw material (a material before is has been processed for use) in making plastic products.

Source: Cambridge English Dictionary


Specific statements of intent e.g. Develop a range of how to guides to help others on their sustainability journey.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

Ocean acidification

By increasing the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, human activity has changed the chemistry of the ocean, increasing its acidity by 30% which impacts the way animals grow and survive.

Source: NOAA


Positive impacts that could occur as a result of action being taken to address the issues associated with the organizations activities.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

Post consumer recycled content

Post consumer materials (such as packaging, old or broken products, disposables, wastes) that are recycled into new products.

Source: ISO14021 (1999)

Preventive action

Action to eliminate the cause of potential nonconformity.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use, Page 7


Concept that describes the outcomes a report is expected to achieve, and that guides decisions made throughout the reporting process around report content or quality.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 17


Recycling is the process of reducing a product all the way back to its basic material level, thereby allowing those materials to be remade into new products.

Source: Ellen Macarthur Foundation


Regenerative describes the Net Positive change the team aspires to across all it’s sectors of operation and influence.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

Renewable energy

Energy that is either

  • Non-biomass: Solar, Wind, Hydro, Geothermal
  • Biomass:

1. From a regeneratively grown source and derived from residues and/or by-products when using virgin material,
2. Processed from by-products/waste streams. This excludes incineration for energy recovery, except when all of the following conditions are met:

  • Other end of life options for the material, besides landfill, has been demonstrably exhausted
  • The material is from a biological source
  • The biological material is demonstrably traceable to a source of renewable and regenerative production
  • The biological material is completely uncontaminated by technical materials,(including coatings, preservatives, and fillers except when these are demonstrably inert and non-toxic), and other biological materials which do not adhere to these restrictions
  • Energy recovery is optimised to extract the maximum practical net energy content from the material and is usefully employed to displace non-renewable alternatives
  • The by-products of the energy recovery are themselves 100% biologically beneficial (e.g. as a soil conditioner), and are not detrimental to the ecosystems to which they are introduced

Source: Ellen Macarthur Foundation

Renewable material

Material that is derived from plentiful resources that are quickly replenished by ecological cycles or agricultural processes, so that the services provided by these and other linked resources are not endangered and remain available for the next generation.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 17

Reporting period

Specific time span covered by the information reported.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 17


Negative impacts that could occur because of the issues associated with the organizations activities.


To avoid double accounting the GHG protocol divides emissions into three scopes.

Scope 1

All direct GHG emissions by the organization including fuel combustion, company vehicles and fugitive emissions.

Scope 2

Indirect GHG emissions from consumption of purchased electricity, heat or steam.

Scope 3

All other indirect emissions not covered in scope 2: Example; The extraction and production of purchased materials and fuels, transport-related activities in vehicles not owned or controlled by the reporting entity, transmission and distribution (T&D) losses of electricity, outsourced activities, waste disposal, etc.

Scope 3 emissions – Valuechain emissions associated with the upstream and downstream impacts of products or services procured by an organization.

Sea level rise

In the US, 40% of the population lives in highly populated coastal areas that will be impacted by sea-level rise (NOAA).

Sea level rise is a major impact of climate change that will affect our hometowns and many of the cities we will visit while racing.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition

Single use plastic

The inconsistent and avoidable use of plastic that lasts a long time for products with a short life span.

Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition


Targets that are Specific (clearly defined), Measurable (expressed with a number), Achievable (ambitious but not unrealistic), Relevant (addresses a defined issue) and Time-bound (a deadline).


A stakeholder is a person or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceive themselves to be affected by your organization’s activities or decisions.

The Global Reporting Initiative states the following examples of stakeholder groups:
Civil society

  • Customers
  • Employees and contractors
  • Trade unions
  • Local communities
  • Shareholders and providers of capital
  • Suppliers

Source: ISO20121, section xxx GRI Standards Glossary 2019

Supply chain

The sequence of activities or parties that provides products or services to an organization.

Source: GRI Standards Glossary 2019, Page 20


A way of working in accordance with one’s vision and values that ensures decision-making that takes account of feasibility, while maximising positive benefits and minimising negative impacts on people, communities and the environment.

Source: IOC Sustainability Essentials, page 65

Sustainability Policy

ISO20121 defines a Sustainability Policy as one which;
a) Is appropriate to the purpose of the organization
b) provides a framework for setting sustainable development activities
c) includes a commitment to satisfy applicable requirements
d) includes a commitment to continual improvement of the event sustainability management system.

The policy shall:

  • be available as documented information
  • provides a framework for setting sustainable development objectives
  • be available to interested parties, as appropriate
  • include a commitment to leadership within the field of sustainability management
  • reference its statement of purpose and values
  • include the organizations commitment to its governing sustainable development principles within its defined scope

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use, Page 9

Sustainable sourcing

If done properly sustainable procurement makes sound business sense. Unless we take into account the whole costs of goods and services (including energy and water use) and the costs of managing wider social costs (like pollution impacts, carbon emissions and waste disposal), we will not achieve value for money in a meaningful sense.

Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems – requirements with guidance for use, Page 9

Systems thinking

Systems thinking is a way of exploring and developing effective action by looking at connected wholes rather than separate parts.

Source: UK Gov

Additional References

Global Reporting

This glossary and the following definitions have been sourced by 11th Hour Racing Team from the GRI glossary, the IOC Essentials and the ISO20121 Sustainable Event Management System standard amongst others to support readers of the TOOLBOX How to Guides and 11th Hour Racing Sustainability Documents.