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11th Hour Racing Team


Glossary of Terms

1 Accessibility The usability of a product, service, environment or facility by people with the widest range of capabilities. Note 1 to entry: This definition is related to the fundamental principle of universal accessibility in the United Nations Convention on the Right
2 Activities All the undertakings of the business
3 Alternative materials Materials that have a lower embodied carbon than those used during "business as usual".Source: 11th Hour Racing Team definition
4 Anthropogenic Emissions Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), precursors of GHGs, and aerosols caused by human activities. These activities include the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, land use and land-use changes (LULUC), livestock production, fertilization, waste manag
5 Audit Systematic, independent and documented process for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating it objectively to determine the extent to which the audit criteria are fulfilled.Source: ISO20121 Event Sustainability Management Systems - requirements with guidan
6 Biodegradable Capable of being broken down especially into innocuous products by the action of living things (such as microorganisms)
7 Biodiversity The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important and desirable.
8 Bioenergy Energy that is derived from biological sources (such as plant matter or animal waste)Source: Merriam Webster
9 Biomimicry The imitation of nature to solve complex problems, through innovation and design. This can lead to more efficient and environmentally-friendly designs and processes: there is neither waste that cannot be recycled, nor non-regulated pollution.Source: Stati
10 Blue carbon Carbon captured by the world's ocean and coastal ecosystems. Seagrasses occupy 0.1% of the seafloor, yet are responsible for 11% of the organic carbon buried in the ocean. Seagrass meadows, mangroves, and coastal wetlands capture carbon at a rate two to f
11 Blue water footprint Water that has been sourced from surface or groundwater resources and is either evaporated, incorporated into a product or taken from one body of water and returned to another, or returned at a different time.Source: Water Footprint
12 Boundaries Description of where the impacts occur for a material topic, and the organization’s involvement with those impacts
13 Carbon Credits A generic term to assign a value to a reduction or offset of greenhouse gas emissions. A carbon credit is usually equivalent to one ton of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e). A carbon credit can be used by a business or individual to reduce their carbon fo
14 Carbon Dioxide equivalent (CO2e) A measure used to compare the emissions from various types of greenhouse gas (GHG) based on their global warming potential (GWP).The CO2 equivalent for a gas is determined by multiplying the metric tons of the gas by the associated GWP, and is expressed i
15 Carbon emissions The burning of fossil fuels such as gas, coal or oil, causes carbon dioxide (CO2 ) to be released (emitted) into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas (GHG), as it traps heat in the atmosphere. Typical sources of such carbon emissions come fr
16 Carbon footprint A quantitative measure of the amount of carbon emissions attributable to a given organisation, activity (e.g. a sport event) or product. Carbon footprints can be measured at widely different scales, such as for an individual (e.g. one’s personal annual ca
17 Carbon neutral A condition in which during a specified period there has been no net increase in the global emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere as a result of the greenhouse gas emissions associated with the subject during the same time period.
18 Carbon neutrality Carbon neutrality describes a state in which the greenhouse gas emissions released into the atmosphere result in net-zero emissions. To achieve this, either the activities must release no emissions or the emissions they still release after decarbonizing m
19 Carbon offsetting A way to reduce emissions and to pursue carbon neutrality by offsetting emissions made in one sector by reducing them somewhere else. This can be done through investment in renewable energy, energy efficiency or other clean, low-carbon technologies. The E
20 Climate Neutrality To achieve ‘climate neutrality’ means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as much as possible today, while also compensating for any remaining emissions. In this way, a net-zero emissions balance can be achieved, which means the amount of greenhouse gas re
21 Climate positive An activity that goes beyond achieving net zero carbon emissions to create an environmental benefit by removing additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.A common definition being developed is that a Climate Positive organisation is one for which carb
22 Carbon sequestration Removing carbon oxide from the atmosphere and then storing. In order to achieve net zero emissions, all worldwide greenhouse gas emissions will have to be counterbalanced by carbon sequestration. Source: European Parliament
23 Circular economy Looking beyond the current take-make-waste extractive industrial model, a circular economy aims to redefine growth, focusing on positive society-wide benefits. It entails gradually decoupling economic activity from the consumption of finite resources, and
24 Climate action Stepped-up efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-induced impacts, including: climate-related hazards in all countries; integrating climate change measures into national policies, strategies a
25 Climate change Large-scale, long-term shift in the planet's weather patterns and average temperatures.
26 Compostable Aerobic Microbial (bacteria and fungi) breakdown of organic matter in the presence of oxygen to produce soil with high organic (humus) content. Note: Certain products are only compostable in industrial composting units. See Industrial composting
27 Conformity Fulfillment of a requirement
28 Continual improvement Recurring activity to enhance performance
29 Corrective action Action to eliminate the cause of a nonconformity and to prevent recurrence
30 Digital footprint The impacts associated with office and online digital services including computer and smartphone use, SMS text and conference calls, data storage and transfer, cloud computing and supercomputer use
31 Direct emissions Emissions resulting from fuel combustion in owned machines, devices and vehicles (referred to as ‘Scope 1’ in the GHG Protocol).
32 Downcycle To recycle (something) in such a way that the resulting product is of a lower value than the original item: to create an object of lesser value from (a discarded object of higher value)
33 Downstream (Activities) Emissions that occur in the life cycle of a material/product after the sale by the producer. This includes distribution and storage, use of the product and end-of-life.
34 Embodied Carbon The amount of carbon emissions (expressed as CO2 e or CO2 eq) emitted through the processes of extraction, refining, production, transporting and fabrication of a material or product. The concept is particularly used in the construction industry
35 Emission factor The use of emission (or conversion) factors allows organisations and individuals to calculate carbon emissions from a range of activities, including energy use, water consumption, and transport activities. For instance, a conversion factor can be used to
36 End of life (EOL) The stage at which a product is disposed of or is no longer fit for purpose.
37 Greenhous Gas (GHG) Emissions Gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation Green House Gases include: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sculpture hexafluoride (SF6) GHG e
38 Global Warming Potential (GWP) Value describing the radiative forcing impact of one unit of a given GHG relative to one unit of CO2 over a given period of time. Note: GWP values convert GHG emissions data for non-CO2 gases into units of CO2 equivalent
39 Goal General statements of desired outcomes. e.g. be a leader in sustainability in the marine industry
40 Green water footprint Water from precipitation that is stored in the root zone of the soil and evaporated, transpired or incorporated by plants. It is particularly relevant for agricultural, horticultural and forestry products
41 Grey water footprint The amount of fresh water required to assimilate pollutants to meet specific water quality standards. The grey water footprint considers point-source pollution discharged to a freshwater resource directly through a pipe or indirectly through runoff or lea
42 Footprint The impact associated with your organization's activities
43 Footprint compensation Reducing the impacts in one sector by reducing them somewhere else, 11th Hour Racing Team defines compensation as a non-certified process as opposed to the offsetting which suggests a certified process.
44 How-To Guides A series of sustainability program how to guides that make up part of the TOOLBOX
45 Impact Unless otherwise stated, ‘impact’ refers to the effect an organization has on the economy, the environment, and/or society, which in turn can indicate its contribution (positive or negative) to sustainable development. Positive or negative change to soc
46 Inclusivity The practice of fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all interested parties regardless of race, age, gender, colour, religion, sexual orientation, culture, national origin, income, disability (mental, intellectual, sensorial and physical) or any o
47 Indirect emissions Emissions resulting from purchasing energy, in particular electricity, steam, heat or cooling (referred to as ‘Scope 2’ in the GHG Protocol). Indirect emissions also come from activities such as travel and from the provision of goods and services that an
48 Industrial composting A professionally managed and controlled, aerobic thermophilic waste treatment process covered by international standards and certification schemes, which results in compost, a valuable soil improver - also known as municipal composting
49 Interested party A stakeholder, person or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceive themselves to be affected by a decision or activity Note 1 to entry: This can be an individual or group that has an interest in any decision or activity of an organization
50 Insetting Insetting allows businesses to invest directly into their value chain, (and) drive transformation. Insetting aims to create carbon removals and emissions reductions in agricultural supply chains, mostly through nature-based solutions such as agroforestry,
51 IPCC The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was created to provide policymakers with regular scientific assessments on climate change, its implications and potential future risks, as well as to put forward adaptation and mitigation options. Through its
52 Issues Sustainability related topics that could occur as a result of the organization's activities
53 Issues register A list of sustainability related issues put together as a result of mapping out the organization's activities
54 Key Performance Indicator (KPI) The measure that helps you evaluate how you are progressing towards your target
55 Landfill A system of trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land Landfill is responsible for significant emissions of methane a potent greenhouse gas
56 Local community Persons or groups of persons living and/or working in any areas that are economically, socially or environmentally impacted (positively or negatively) by an organization’s operations Note: The local community can range from persons living adjacent to an o
57 Local economy In this context of economic impact - The Team defines local economies as being within the state (USA), within Region (France), or national boundary of similar scale for other countries, where the Team is based temporarily or permanently.
58 Management System A framework for an organization to improve its process and thinking to lead to continual performance improvement and allows the organization the flexibility to be more creative about the delivery of event-related activities without detracting from the aim
59 Marine debris Any persistent solid material that is manufactured or processed and directly or indirectly, intentionally or unintentionally, disposed of or abandoned into the marine environment. Marine debris injures and kills marine life, interferes with navigation saf
60 Material topic A topic that reflects a reporting organization’s significant economic, environmental and social impacts or that substantively influences the assessments and decisions of stakeholders
61 Materiality Materiality is the threshold at which sustainability topics become sufficiently important that they should be reported
62 Materiality assessment The term materiality comes from the financial world. Conducting a materiality assessment is an exercise in stakeholder engagement designed to gather insight on the relative importance of specific environmental, social and governance issues. This helps com
63 Microplastics Waste plastics that have broken down to pieces smaller than 5mm in size
64 Mission How an organization will go about achieving its vision
65 Natural capital The world's stock of natural resources, which includes geology, soils, air, water and all living organisms
66 Net positive Net positive describes the intention of 11th Hour Racing Team to affect regenerative change across the team's sectors of operation and influence - Simply described as doing more good than harm and contributing more than you take. Using the example of GHG
67 Net Zero emission Net-zero emission means that all anthropogenic produced greenhouse gas emissions must be removed from the atmosphere. This can be achieved through reduction measures, which lead to reducing the Earth’s net climate balance, after removal via natural and ar
68 Net Zero According to the Science Based Target initiative (SBTi), “Net Zero emissions are achieved when anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere are balanced by anthropogenic removals over a specified period.”
69 Non renewable energy source An energy source that cannot be replenished, reproduced, grown or generated in a short time period through ecological cycles or agricultural processes
70 Non renewable material A resource that does not renew in a short time period
71 Nonconformity The non-fulfillment of a requirement
72 Nurdles Small round pieces of plastic used as raw material (a material before is has been processed for use) in making plastic products
73 Objective Specific statements of intent
74 Ocean acidification The ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth's oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
75 Opportunities Positive impacts that could occur as a result of action being taken to address the issues associated with the organization's activities
76 Post consumer recycled content Post consumer materials (such as packaging, old or broken products, disposables, wastes) that are recycled into new products
77 Preventive action Action to eliminate the cause of potential nonconformity
78 Principle The outcomes a report is expected to achieve, and that guides decisions made throughout the reporting process around report content or quality
79 Procurement The activity of acquiring goods or services from suppliers The procurement process considers the whole cycle from identification of needs through to the end of a services contract or the end of the life of goods, including disposal. Sourcing is a part of
80 Recycle The process of reducing a product all the way back to its basic material level, thereby allowing those materials to be remade into new products
81 Regenerative To revive and restore to bring new and more vigorous life to an area, industry, environment, community etc.
82 Regenerative (Systems Thinking) Regenerative systems are those which may have net positive environmental and/or social impacts that continue to flourish into the future by their very nature
83 Regeneration/regenerative 1. Restoring, renewing and/or healing systems we all depend on, while also 2. Improving the ability of systems to restore, renew and/or heal themselves more effectively
84 Renewable energy Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, including carbon neutral sources like sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.
85 Renewable material Material that is derived from plentiful resources that are quickly replenished by ecological cycles or agricultural processes, so that the services provided by these and other linked resources are not endangered and remain available for the next generatio
86 Reporting (Sustainability) An organization's practice of reporting publicly on it's economic, environmental and/or social impacts, and hence its contributions - positive or negative - towards the goal of sustainable development
87 Reporting period Specific time span covered by the information reported
88 Risks Negative impacts that could occur because of the issues associated with the organizations activities
89 Scope To avoid double accounting the GHG protocol divides emissions into three scopes
90 Scope 1 All direct GHG emissions by the organization including fuel combustion, company vehicles and fugitive emissions
91 Scope 2 Indirect GHG emissions from consumption of purchased electricity, heat or steam
92 Scope 3 * All other indirect emissions not covered in scope 2: Example; The extraction and production of purchased materials and fuels, transport-related activities in vehicles not owned or controlled by the reporting entity, transmission and distribution (T&D) l
93 Sea level rise Sea level rise is an increase in the level of the world's oceans due to the effects of global warming.
94 Single use plastic Goods that are made primarily from fossil fuel–based chemicals (petrochemicals) and are meant to be disposed of right after use—often, in mere minutes. Single-use plastics are most commonly used for packaging and serviceware, such as bottles, wrappers, st
95 SMART Targets that are Specific (clearly defined), Measurable (expressed with a number), Achievable (ambitious but not unrealistic), Relevant (addresses a defined issue) and Time-bound (a deadline).
96 Stakeholder A stakeholder is a person or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceive themselves to be affected by an organization’s activities or decisions.The Global Reporting Initiative states the following examples of stakeholder groups: Civil societ
97 Supply chain The sequence of activities or parties that provides products or services to an organization
98 Sustainability The act of preserving long term environmental, social and economic balance A way of working in accordance with one’s vision and values that ensures decision-making that takes account of feasibility, while maximising positive benefits and minimising negat
99 Sustainability Policy A policy that outlines an organization's commitment to practices and standards, designed to establish environmentally, socially and economically responsible operations
100 Sustainable sourcing The integration of social, ethical and environmental performance factors into the process of selecting suppliers.
101 Systems thinking A way of exploring and developing effective action by looking at connected wholes rather than separate parts.
102 Target Indicator established to measure success against objectives and goals.
103 The Toolbox A suite of resources, How To Guides and Measurement Tools, originally created by 11th Hour Racing Team, with ongoing development by the community of Toolbox users, for the wider benefit of all. It is designed to help make sustainability more accessible fo
104 Topic economic, environmental or social subject
105 Transparency Openness about decisions and activities that affect society, the economy and the environment, and willingness to communicate these in clear, accurate, timely, honest and complete manner
106 UK GHG Protocol The establishment of comprehensive global standardized frameworks to measure and manage greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from private and public sector operations, value chains and mitigation actions.
107 Upcycle To recycle (something) in such a way that the resulting product is of a higher value than the original item
108 Upstream (activities) Cradle-to-gate (sometimes referred to as 'upstream') emissions, which include all emissions that occur in the life cycle of a material/product up to the point of sale by the producer
109 Value chain An organization's activities that convert input into output by adding value. It includes entities with which the organization has a direct or indirect business relationship and which either (a) supply products or services that contribute to the organizati
110 Virtual Water Trade The amount of water, either green (soil moisture) or blue (renewable and nonrenewable), that is consumed in the production of goods that are then traded in the international market
111 Vision An aspirational statement of how an organization envisions its future
112 Water Footprint Water footprint associated with an organization's activities including the procurement of products and/or servicesWater footprint measures the consumption of freshwater resources for producing goods and services. The water footprint has three components:
113 Waste to energy Energy recovered from incinerating waste
114 Workforce Team, staff, contractors, interns, apprentices


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